Understanding Acne: Types and Treatment 

October 27, 2018

Anyone suffering from acne may feel like they are the only person on Earth who has the condition. They aren’t. Acne is one of the most common skin conditions in America. It occurs when dead skin cells and oil plug up the hair follicles inside the skin. The clogged hair follicles can cause many types of acne. A dermatology carrollton expert can assist anyone with acne.

The Types of Acne that can Develop on Skin

Acne, also called pimples, vary in level of pain, size and color. For example, blackheads are black pimples on skin that are visible on the surface. Whiteheads are tiny bumps that form under the skin’s surface. Papules are similar to blackheads because they are clearly visible on skin. However, they are pink small bumps.

Papules and pustules are different types of acne. Pustules are also clearly visible on the skin’s surface. However, the base on the bump is red and they are filled with pus at the top of them. Nobules are another type of acne visible on the skin. They are painful pimples. The pimples are embedded deep inside the skin’s surface. Cysts on the skin are another type of acne that is painful. They are filled with pus and can leave scars on the skin.

Treatment for Mild Acne Is Over-the-Counter Medication

Mild acne can often be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medication. These medications include pads, gels, soaps, lotions and creams. They are applied to the skin according to the instructions. Lotions and creams are ideal for anyone who has a combination of acne and sensitive skin. For a person with oily skin, use alcohol-based gels. Alcohol-based gels are not ideal for anyone with dry skin because it dries their skin even more.

It’s important to start with the lowest dose of the OTC medication. Another thing that is important is to contact a dermatologist for assistance knowing what type of OTC medication is best. A dermatology consult is also important for moderate to severe acne. They can prescribe acne medication not available over-the-counter. This medication is often stronger and more effective. The common acne prescriptions range from topical to oral antibiotic.

Corticosteroid injections are used when an acne cyst that develops on the skin becomes inflamed. It could rupture. Once it ruptures, scarring can occur. To avoid the cyst rupturing or scarring the skin, diluted corticosteroid is injected into the skin. This speeds healing, reduces inflammation and stops scarring. It takes about three days for the acne cyst to disappear.

Oral antibiotics may be a treatment option for anyone with moderate to severe acne. The prescription usually lasts for six months. The dose is high and decrease once the acne is gone.

The Prevention of Acne is Possible

Anyone suffering from acne can help reduce breakouts. For instance, a person should wash their face only twice a day with warm water and mild soap. Never scrub skin or burst any pimples. That will cause more redness, blocked pores and swelling.